The unique examples of Turkish Art from the Seljuk Period until Present are exhibited in the Ethnography Museum, which has been served since 1930.
In the Collection of the Museum those can be seen; Folk clothes, ornaments, shoes, clogs compiled from various regions of Anatolia, women's and men's socks of Sivas region, various pouches, embroideries, needlework, waistbands, towels, bundles, bed covers, bridal clothes, groom shaving sets, carpets from various regions and rugs, a wide variety of artefacts representing Anatolian metalwork, Ottoman Period bows, arrows, flintlock pistols, rifles, swords and scimitars, Turkish tile porcelains and Kütahya porcelains, Sufi and cult objects, and beautiful examples of Turkish writing.
Besides; Seljuk Sultan III. Keyhüsrev's throne in the13th century.That one of the best examples of Turkish woodworking, Ahi Şerafettin’s Wooden Coffin (Sanduka) (14th century), The Mihrab of the Damsa Village Taskın Pasha Mosque of Nevsehir Ürgüp (13th century), Siirt Ulu Mosque Pulpit (Minber) (12nd Century), Merzifon Çelebi Sultan Madrasa Gate (15th century) are the examples of the important artefacts of our museum.
In the museum, there is a specialized library containing publications related to Anatolian ethnography and folklore and art history.
The body of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk kept here until his transfer to Anıtkabir (Mausoleum of Atatürk) in 1953. This part is still preserved in the form of a symbolic area, in honour of Atatürk's memory.