The house where our famous poet Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı was born and spent his childhood years was built in 1733. The house, which has all the features of Diyarbakır's traditional residential architecture and consists of four wings arranged around a central courtyard, was built entirely using basalt stone with a floor plus one floor. The building consists of summer (north), winter (south), spring (east) and autumn sections (west) in accordance with the climatic conditions. The kitchen is arranged in the form of an iwan in the north east corner and there is a bathhouse in the southwest corner. The building has 14 small and large rooms, a kitchen, cellar and toilet. The most important place of the building is the summer part, which has two floors. On the second floor of this section, there is an iwan with a double arch opening and a large room called the head room or the mabeyn room. Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı was born on October 2, 1910 in this room. The house, which was expropriated from the Tarancı family by the Ministry of Culture in 1973, was restored in 1974 and opened to visitors as Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı Culture Museum.