Kahramanmaraş Germanicia Mosaic Field

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In Dulkadiroğlu district of Kahramanmaras; there is a city that covers the Şeyhadil, Bağlarbaşı, Namıkkemal and Dulkadiroğlu neighbourhoods which is understood to be the Germanicia Ancient City as a result of excavations and investigations held by the Museum Directorate. Maras came under the sovereignty of the Romans in the Roman era, and the Roman Commander, who took the City, named the city Germanicia in honor of the ruling Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar Germanicus (Caligula).

The first mosaics in Germanicia were found in Bağlarbaşı neighbourhood in 2001 and were excavated by the Kahramanmaraş Museum and moved to the Museum. New mosaics were discovered at the same area in 2007, excavated in 2009-2010, and as a result of the emerging mosaics and other archaeological findings, the idea that this place might have been the ancient city of Germanicia prevailed. As a result of the researches, it has been determined that there are mosaic areas at many points. The expropriated areas have been excavated by the Museum Directorate every year since 2014 and the excavations will continue in the coming years.

As a result of the excavations, it was determined that the mosaics belong to 4-5th century AD and archaeological datas date back to the 2nd century AD. It is thought that new data will be available as the excavations continue.

The social life, vegetation, wild and domestic animals, architecture and mythology of the period were studied on the mosaics.


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